3D Filament Properties

This table shows the properties and characteristics of the various types of 3D Filaments, from strength to resistance and everything in between.

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ABS ASA Carbon Fiber Flexible HIPS Metal Nylon PET-G PLA PVA Wood
Ultimate Strength 40 MPa 55 MPa 45 - 48 MPa 26 - 43 MPa 32 MPa 20 - 30 MPa 40 - 85 MPa 53 MPa 65 MPa 78 MPa 46 MPa
Stiffness 5 / 10 5 / 10 10 / 10 1 / 10 10 / 10 10 / 10 5 / 10 5 / 10 7.5 / 10 3 / 10 8 / 10
Durability 8 / 10 10 / 10 3 / 10 9 / 10 7 / 10 4 / 10 10 / 10 8 / 10 4 / 10 7 / 10 3 / 10
Maximum Service Temperature 98 ° 95 ° 52 ° 60 - 74 ° 100 ° 52 ° 80 - 95 ° 73 ° 52 ° 75 ° 52 °
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 90 µm/m-° 98 µm/m-° 57.5 µm/m-° 157 µm/m-° 80 µm/m-° 33.75 µm/m-° 95 µm/m-° 60 µm/m-° 68 µm/m-° 85 µm/m-° 30.5 µm/m-°
Density 1.04 g/cm3 1.07 g/cm3 1.3 g/cm3 1.19 - 1.23 g/cm3 1.03 - 1.04 g/cm3 2 - 4 g/cm3 1.06 - 1.14 g/cm3 1.23 g/cm3 1.24 g/cm3 1.23 g/cm3 1.15 - 1.25 g/cm3
Price (inc. VAT) £21.48 £24.95 £35.94 £26.94 £21.48 £32.94 £29.94 £24.95 £21.49 £39.95 £32.94
Printability 8 / 10 7 / 10 8 / 10 6 / 10 6 / 10 7 / 10 8 / 10 9 / 10 9 / 10 5 / 10 8 / 10
Extruder Temperature 220 - 250 ° 235 - 255 ° 200 - 230 ° 225 - 245 ° 230 - 245 ° 190 - 220 ° 220 - 270 ° 230 - 250 ° 190 - 220 ° 185 - 200 ° 190 - 220 °
Bed Temperature 95 - 110 ° 90 - 110 ° 45 - 60 ° 45 - 60 ° 100 - 115 ° 45 - 60 ° 70 - 90 ° 75 - 90 ° 45 - 60 ° 45 - 60 ° 45 - 60 °
Heated Bed Required Required Optional Optional Required Optional Required Required Optional Required Optional
Recommended Build Surfaces Kapton Tape, ABS Slurry Glue Stick, PEI Painter's Tape, Glue Stick, Glass Plate, PEI PEI, Painter's Tape Glass Plate, Glue Stick, Kapton Tape Painter's Tape, Glue Stick, PEI Glue Stick, PEI Glue Stick, Painter's Tape Painter's Tape, Glue Stick, Glass Plate, PEI PEI, Painter's Tape Painter's Tape, Glue Stick, PEI
Other Hardware Requirements Heated Bed, Enclosure Recommended Heated Bed Part Cooling Fan Part Cooling Fan Heated Bed, Enclosure Recommended Wear Resistant or Stainless Steel Nozzle, Part Cooling Fan Heated Bed, Enclosure Recommended, May Require All Metal Hotend Heated Bed, Part Cooling Fan Part Cooling Fan Heated Bed, Part Cooling Fan Part Cooling Fan
Flexible -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Elastic -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Impact Resistant -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Soft -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Composite -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
UV Resistant -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Water Resistant -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Dissolvable -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heat Resistant -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Chemically Resistant -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Fatigue Resistant -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heater Bed Not Required -- -- -- -- -- --
ABS ASA Carbon Fiber Flexible HIPS Metal Nylon PET-G PLA PVA Wood
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